human resource management definition by authors

It is the process of building people and organisations together so that the objectives of each are achieved. A Human Resources Management System is a software application consolidating a variety of human resources duties into one package, such as performance analysis and reviews, recruiting and hiring, and payroll and benefits administration. Definitions of Human Resource Management – By Popular Management Thinkers: C. H. Northcoat, George Milkorich and J. W. Boudreaux, Definitions of Human Resource Management – Concept and Definition of Human Resource Management, Definitions of Human Resource Management – With Aspects and Activities of Human Resource Management, Definitions of Human Resource Management – As Given by Armstrong, Definitions of Human Resource Management – By Famous Management Authors: Fisher, Dessler and S.P Robbins, defined human resource management from peoples perspective. ii. Human Resources Management is the term increasingly used to refer to the philosophy, policies, procedures, and practices related to the management of people within an organization. “Personnel management is the recruitment, selection, development, utilisation of and accommodation to human resources by organisations”. No two human beings are similar in mental abilities, traditions, sentiments, action tendencies and performance. Overall, the systems are intended to achieve organization- wide goals and contribute to organizational effectiveness and productivity. It is that part of the management process that is concerned with the management of human resources in an organisation. Everything you need to know about the various definitions of human resource management. Acquisition of HR (Recruitment and Selection). Human resource management means management of all employees from top level to lower level and all employers the managing director, board of directors and all people who contribute their services towards attainment of organisational goals. Most of the primary surveys which have been conducted in this field compared the financial performance of the firm with the human resource activities that they indulge into. The resources of men, money, materials and machinery are collected, coordinated and utilized through people. Human resources is one of the most valuable and unique assets of an organization. It is the people who can craft strategies and execute then effectively. Personnel Management, as it is seen today, holds many concepts regarding the nature of labour and what should be the attitude of management towards employees and so on. In simple terms, human resources management means employing people, developing their resources, utilizing, maintaining and compensating their services in tune with the job and organizational requirements in order to contribute to the goals of the organization, individual, and the society. It is all about people at work, both as individuals and in groups. 1. Competencies – Organizations need to depend strictly upon the competencies of their human capital rather than depending on individual knowledge, skills and abilities. It is more concerned about the contribution of the human resource strategies towards the effective running of the organization. Personnel means persons employed. Some of the quotable definitions are mentioned below: “Human Resource Management is that part of management concerned with people at work and with their relationships within the organization. 3. People at work are the essential ingredient in every organization. S. ince every organization is made up of people, obtaining their services, developing their skill, motivating them to high level of performance and ensuring that they continue to put in best of their efforts and commitment to the organization are quite essential for achieving the organizational objectives. "a model of personnel management that focuses on the individual rather than taking a collective approach. Good human resource management practices can make available right people at the right time and at the right jobs. Human Resource Management plays a significance role in a management, regulatory and policy planning functions. Privacy Policy 9. Gary Dessler- HRM refers to the practices and policies that help in managing job, specifically, acquiring, training, appraising, rewarding and providing, a safe, ethical and fair environment for the company’s employees. Family relationships, religious influences, racial or caste backgrounds, educational accomplishments, the application of technological innovations, and many other environmental influences affect the individual as he works. There are various objectives of management such as profit maximization, consumer satisfaction, growth of organization etc., which can only be achieved through the effective utilization of human resources. Tìm kiếm human resources management definition by author , human resources management definition by author tại 123doc - Thư viện trực tuyến hàng đầu Việt Nam Without human efforts, organizations cannot accomplish their objectives. Liberalization has made the country to stand in the midst of the global system from its traditionally self-reliant stand. Uploader Agreement. Recognize and reward their contributions. If the word “tactfully” is substituted for “T”, the word “management” would read “MANAGE MEN TACTFULLY”. This translates into giving the organisation a competitive advantage — simply put HR can affect an organisations bottom line. For example, Karen Legge has specified three elements of HRM as follows: 1. 2. xii. Therefore, the human resources available to management in the organization, need to be properly coordinated and utilized. It concentrates on cost control and head count strategies, especially in business processes like downsizing, lowering the wages, reducing comfort breaks etc. It also deals with, various activities and functions just like-human resource planning, recruitment, training, compensation packages, moral boosting, discipline and conflict resolution, etc. Human Resource Management books What is Human Resource Management? The time and resources employed in managing and developing them are an investment that the organization makes for better returns in the present and in future. It supports activities such as training, recruitment, orientation, motivation of employees, and compensation-related issues. (a) Objectives for which the company is established are effectively achieved. It is human capacities which transform the passive natural resources to achieve agents of production. When managers are able to strike a fine balance between the two, they are able to get even ordinary people deliver extra-ordinary results. International Human Resource Management (IHRM) Boxall, P. (1992) defined International Human Resource Management (IHRM) as ‘concerned with the human resource problems of multinational firms in foreign subsidiaries (such as expatriate management) or more broadly, with the unfolding HRM issues that are associated with the various stages of the internationalisation process. Once this is done, rest is history. Strategy implementation cannot be done by physical resources such as – technology, buildings, machines, and materials. People offer skills, capabilities, systems, practices, speed, language, bonding and behaviours, which help execute firm’s strategies successfully. According to him, human resource management is concerned with the “people” dimension in management. From the above definitions, there are some most important aspects of HRM, which emerge could be started as: i. In this article, employees are sometimes referred to as human capital. An empirical research was carried out to investigate main dimensions of the model of human resources management (HRM), practices and their effects on organisational performance in relation to innovation and entrepreneurship. According to him, human resource management is concerned with the “people” dimension in management. (b) Objectives of all levels of personnel are served to the highest possible degree and (c) Objectives of society are duly considered and served.”. You hire people. This proper process is applied in achieving the functions of personnel administration like procuring, developing, maintaining and utilizing human beings. HRM is concerned with the development and integration of strategies which are integrated with corporate strategies and ensure that the culture, values, and structure of the organizations and the quality, motivation and commitment of its members contribute to the achievement of its goals. It involves taking decisions and their execution for the effective management of people for the accomplishment of organisational objectives and also for the satisfaction of the needs and aspirations of people. Content Guidelines 2. Since every organization is made up of people, acquiring their services, developing their skills, motivating them to higher levels of performance and ensuring that they continue to maintain their commitment to the organization are essential to achieving organizational objectives. “From the national point of view, the knowledge, skills, creative abilities, talents and aptitudes obtained in the population; whereas from the viewpoint of individual enterprise, they represent the total of the inherent abilities, acquired knowledge and skills as exemplified in the talents and aptitudes of its employees”. All these individuals differ from one another in an almost infinite number of aspects including aspects of their intelligence, personality, and physical make up. In fact, the importance of managing human resources is considered so great that some have defined management as synonymous with HRM/personnel management. Human resources can be tapped most effectively by mutually consistent policies which promote commitment and foster a willingness in employees to act flexibly in the interests of the adaptive organization’s pursuit of excellence. Introduction of line managers into the system is one such policy. (ii) Education, training, and development. Each individual is unique with his own physical and psychological traits. Senior line managers are required to assume more responsibility with regard to managing human resource. Thus, this definition points out that personnel management is concerned with the planning, organising, directing and controlling the personnel functions of the organisation. For instance, Lawrence Appley describes the manager’s job as “human relations job that functions through several major activities” and that “human relations is …………….. the beginning and the end of the management job”. This is true, regardless of the type of the organization – government, business, education, health, recreational, or social action.”. Any person willing to trade their labor, knowledge, or time for compensation in an effort to improve the organization is a human resource. It seeks to improve relationships within the enterprise that are conducive both to effective work and human satisfaction”. In one word, without people one cannot imagine an organization. To bring about efficient utilisation of the available human resources in the organisation. It seeks to improve relationships within the enterprise that are conducive both to effective work and human satisfaction”. acquisition, development, motivation and maintenance. Human resource management (HRM), is nothing but the management of human resources. Give them the jobs that they are capable of delivering results. Over and above, we are facing a change in the system of economic policy of our country from the old monopolistic, non-competitive to a new system of liberalization. A period of two decades (1930 -1950) in management history saw human relation movement. Welfare aspect- Concerned with working conditions, such as canteen, creches, housing schools, recreation, housekeeping and personal problems of workers. viii. Thus, HRM refers to a set of programmes, functions and activities designed and carried out with a view to maximizing both employee and organizational effectiveness. Since every organization is made up of people, obtaining their services, developing their skill, motivating them to high level of performance and ensuring that they continue to put in best of their efforts and commitment to the organization are quite essential for achieving the organizational objectives. Employees demand more from their jobs and respond favorably to the managerial activities that are aimed at increasing the quality of the professional life and of life, in general. The capable people make an organisation successful. c. Employees who feel management doesn’t care about them, are less likely to be positive and helpful to customers. There is an explicit link between managing human resource and success of administrative or management strategy. Finally, there is the maintenance function which is concerned with the provision of such working conditions as are necessary for the employees in order to maintain commitment to the organization. ix. Human resource management means employing people, developing their resources, utilizing, maintaining and compensating their services in tune with the job and organizational requirements with a view to contribute to the goals of the organizations, individual and the society. Thus the success and failure in achieving organizational objectives depends upon the proper co-ordination of human efforts with other resources. People working in the organisation have different needs at different times. 2. (iv) They provide quality management to the organisations and enable them to compete in the market. Disclaimer 8. 3. It deals exclusively with the human beings of the organization. It tries to secure the best from people by winning their whole-hearted cooperation. It is widely recognized that unlike other resources, human resources is a more important factor in production. Research supports the notion that good human resource management improves customer satisfaction, largely through customers’ interactions with employees. The organisation function that focuses on the effective management, direction, and utilisation of people, both the people, who manage produce and market and sell the products and services of an organisation and those who support organisational activities.

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